The year is 2543. Babies are produced in bottles and divided into five groups: the top group is the Alphas, while the Deltas and the Epsilon are the lowest groups. The Savage, a young man from a distant island, discovers this “brave new world”
"I was wondering," said the Savage, "why you produce Deltas at all.
You can make any kind of people in the bottles at the Centre. Why don't
you make everybody an Alpha?"
Mustapha Mond laughed. "Because we have no wish to have our
throats cut," he answered. "We believe in happiness and stability. A
society of Alphas couldn't fail to be unstable and miserable. Imagine a
factory in which the staff were all Alphas. All of them would be thinking people.
Each would be capable -within limits- of making a free choice. Each would be fit for responsible work. Imagine what would happen!" he repeated.
The Savage tried to imagine it. He was not very successful.
"It would fail completely”, went on the Controller. “A man who was Alpha-hatched and Alpha-conditioned would
go mad in factory .He would go mad if he had to do Delta work. He would start to break things up. Alphas can be trained to be good servants of the State, but only they are given Alpha work. A Delta or an Epsilon citizen can be expected to make Delta or Epsilon sacrifices for the sake of society. The reason is that they are trained to. They do not see themselves as making sacrifices. Their conditioning has laid down the rails along which they mist run.
They can’t help themselves. They have been trained to be happy in the work they must do. Each one of us goes through life enclosed in the bottle of our social training. But if we happen to be Alphas, our social bottles are enormous compared with Delta or Epsilon bottles. Alphas have much more freedom than low-class workers. They must obey the State, of course. But they would suffer terribly if they were enclosed in Delta or Epsilon bottles. You can surely understand this?”
The Savage was thoughtful.
“The best kind of society”, said Mustapha Mond, “is shaped like an iceberg- a mountain of ice floating in the sea. Eight-ninths of the people live quietly, usefully and happily out of sight. They obey orders. Nobody needs trouble about them, because they are contented. They live below the water-line, as you might say. One-ninth of the people - the Alphas, the people with responsible work to do- live above the water-line. They from the top of iceberg. Their needs are greater than those of the Deltas and Epsilon who live obedient lives below the water-line”.
“And are those low-class workers really happy? In spite of the terrible work they have to do?” asked the Savage.
“Terrible work? They don’t find it terrible. Indeed, they like it. It’s light
work and it’s childishly simple. It demands little effort of mind or body. They have seven and a half hours of fairly gentle work each day. Then they have their soma ration. Each worker is allowed a fixed number of soma tablets for each day’s work. They have a lot of organised sport and free cinemas. What more can they ask for?”
1.When and where does the action take place? What kind of document is it?
2.Why is the Savage given so much information about this " brave new world"?(20 words)
Read from the begining to... "very successful" (l.10)
3.Say in one sentence why the Savage doesn't understand the process of producing babies.
4.Say in your own words :
a.what the characteristics of Alphas are(20words)
b.what would happen if there were only Alphas.(30words)
Read from "It would...."(l.11) to ... thoughtful (l.21)
5.List all the verbs in the passive voice in this passage and explain why there are so many.
6.Are the lower groups happy? Why or why not?(30word)
7.Why would Alphas suffer if they were shut inside Delta or Epsilon bottles?-(30words)
8.Quote two sentences showing that men cannot do anything to change the course of their lives.
Read from 'The best kind..." (l.22) to the end
9.Which metaphor does Mustapha use to describe this " brave new world"?What impression does this metaphor create?(30words)
10.Which groups live above and below the water-line?What are their respective percentages?
11.Pick out one sentence showing what the lower groups are expected to do.
12.Pick out two sentences defining the nature of the work they have to do.
13.What is soma and what is its purpose? (20word)
Traduire de "And are those..."(l.27.) jusqu'a la fin .
Merci de m'apporter de l'aide.. : )